General dentists prevent, evaluate, diagnose, and treat diseases of the oral cavity, as well as maintain the function and appearance of the teeth. Many oral diseases and abnormalities can indicate other diseases. A general dentist may refer patients to their physician or a specialist for further evaluation, or vice versa for treatment.
Root canal treatment is a dental procedure that involves removing the infected or damaged pulp tissue from the inside of a tooth and filling the resulting space with a biocompatible material. The procedure is done to save a tooth that would otherwise need to be extracted due to severe decay, trauma, or infection.
During the procedure, a dentist or endodontist will numb the area around the tooth and then make an opening in the top of the tooth to access the pulp chamber. They will then use specialized instruments to remove the infected or damaged pulp tissue from inside the tooth and shape the root canals to prepare them for filling. The canals are then filled with a rubber-like material called gutta-percha, and the tooth is sealed with a temporary or permanent filling.
After the root canal treatment, the tooth may be restored with a crown or filling to provide additional protection and strength. With proper care, a tooth that has had a root canal can last a lifetime.
Dental bridges are a type of dental restoration used to replace one or more missing teeth. They are made up of one or more artificial teeth, called pontics, that are held in place by dental crowns attached to the natural teeth on either side of the gap. The crowns and pontics are typically made of porcelain, ceramic, or a combination of materials.
Bridges are used to restore function to the mouth and improve the appearance of the smile. They can help prevent the remaining teeth from shifting out of position and make it easier to chew and speak. Bridges can also help distribute the forces of the bite evenly across the remaining teeth, reducing the risk of future dental problems.
Dental crowns, also known as caps, are dental restorations that are used to cover or replace a damaged or decayed tooth. A crown is designed to completely cover the visible part of the tooth above the gum line, and it is typically made of porcelain, ceramic, or a combination of materials.
Crowns can be used to restore the shape, size, and strength of a damaged tooth, as well as to improve the appearance of the tooth. They can also be used to cover a tooth that has undergone root canal treatment or to attach a dental bridge.
With proper care, a dental crown can last for many years, but it will eventually need to be replaced. Good oral hygiene practices, such as brushing twice a day and flossing daily, can help extend the life of a dental crown.
Wisdom tooth extraction is a dental procedure that involves the removal of one or more wisdom teeth, also known as third molars. Wisdom teeth are the last set of molars to emerge in the back of the mouth, and they typically emerge in late adolescence or early adulthood.
Wisdom tooth extraction may be necessary if the teeth are impacted (stuck below the gumline), misaligned, or causing problems such as crowding, gum disease, tooth decay, or infection. In some cases, wisdom teeth may need to be removed even if they are not causing any problems, as a preventive measure.
Wisdom tooth extraction is a common dental procedure that can help prevent or alleviate a range of dental problems. It is important to follow the dentist's instructions for post-operative care to ensure proper healing and prevent complications.
Dentures are removable dental appliances that are used to replace missing teeth and surrounding tissue. They are designed to look and function like natural teeth and can be used to restore the ability to chew and speak properly, as well as to improve the appearance of the smile.
Dentures are typically made of a combination of materials, including acrylic resin, porcelain, and metal. They can be either full or partial, depending on the number of teeth that need to be replaced. Full dentures are used when all of the natural teeth are missing, while partial dentures are used when some natural teeth remain.
With proper care, dentures can last for many years. However, they may need to be replaced or adjusted over time as the mouth changes due to age or other factors. Proper care of dentures involves daily cleaning and regular dental check-ups to ensure proper fit and function.
Teeth scaling and polishing is a dental procedure that involves the removal of dental plaque and tartar from the teeth and the polishing of the tooth surfaces. It is typically performed by a dental hygienist or dentist as part of a routine dental cleaning.
Scaling involves the removal of dental plaque and tartar (also known as calculus) from the surfaces of the teeth, including below the gum line. Plaque is a sticky film of bacteria that can build up on the teeth and cause tooth decay and gum disease if left untreated. Tartar is a hardened form of plaque that cannot be removed by brushing and flossing alone, and must be removed by a dental professional.
Teeth scaling and polishing is an important part of maintaining good oral hygiene and preventing dental problems such as cavities and gum disease. It is recommended that most people have their teeth scaled and polished every six months as part of a regular dental check-up and cleaning. However, the frequency of scaling and polishing may vary depending on individual needs and dental history.